Animal Links on the Web

Human and Pet Interactions

A. Therapy Programs

IWEC (International Wildlife Education Conservation)
The IWEC promotes the healing benefits of human-animal bonds. This bond can be beneficial when used with mutual respect. IWEC is in the process of establishing "Create-A-Mile" Animal-Assisted-Therapy Teams (AATT) in several local communities in the US and around the world.

Prescription Pet Program (RxPets)
RxPets is a dog-assisted therapy and visitation program which began in 1984 as a cooperative effort of The Childrenís Hospital (TCH) and the Denver Area Veterinary Medical Society (DAVMS). Specially trained volunteer dog owners take their dogs on rounds at TCH. All dogs have passed a vigorous screening and been approved by veterinarians.

Responsible Pet Owners Alliance
The mission of this alliance is to be the leading provider of information and assistance concerning animal welfare and public health issues while taking whatever actions are necessary to preserve our historic relationships with animals.

Furry Friends
Volunteers bring Furry Friends to visit people who live in various kinds of institution, e.g. nursing homes, facilities for disabled or seriously ill children, hospital rehabilitation wards, Childrenís Shelter, psychiatric facilities, etc. Currently visits are in Santa Clara and San Mateo counties, California.

The Pet Therapy Society of Northern Alberta
The Pet Therapy Society of Northern Alberta promotes the physical and emotional well-being of people through a mutually beneficial and safe interaction with companion animals.

Many therapists find that animals help make an office more inviting. A golden retriever named Puppy typically greets patients while several fish tanks help soothe agitated feelings.

Today, trained volunteers and staff with four legged therapists in town visit nursing homes, mental health care units, senior day care centers, hospice care centers, schools for the disabled, and residential treatment centers.

Therapy Animals
The use of animals to facilitate positive changes in a broad spectrum of therapeutic settings is becoming more accepted, appreciated, and valued. Under direction of health services and education professionals, animal-assisted therapy can promote physical, emotional, cognitive, and social improvement for people with special needs.

A variety of animal Assisted Therapy programs exist nationwide and Therapet recognizes the need for a more cohesive approach for health care professionals to use animals in treating patients and to optimize the care and safety of all involved.

Therapet FAQs
What is Animal Assisted Therapy? Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is the utilization of animals as a therapeutic modality to facilitate healing and rehabilitation of patients with acute or chronic ailments.

Animal Outreach
A group of dedicated individuals involved in animal assisted therapy or animal visitation programs; school children, geriatric facilities, autistic and learning challenged children and adults. Animals of many species and ages are eligible and encouraged to participate. Animal Outreach has identifying and developing pets which can be effective in various activities.

Los Angeles AAT
The AAT is a program in which volunteers and their animals visit people in nursing homes, hospitals, homeless shelters and other institutions. These teams (both two and four legged) provide patients with a chance to share stories about their own animals as well as pet, hug, and kiss their new animal friend. Numerous studies have shown the benefits of these interactions. AAT provides the physical benefits of encouraging exercise, decreasing blood pressure and diverting pain; as well as the social benefits of recreation, decreased boredom and increased communication. Emotional benefits include decreased anxiety, reduced loneliness and the spontaneous expression of unconditional love and attention.

Therapy Dogs Vermont (TDV)
Our dogs walk the floors of many of the hospitals in Vermont as well as countless nursing and retirement homes. Our activities have often been documented in the media and our dogís faces are often the best known in a hospital. Our accomplishments are so appreciated that TDV members are thought of as privileged members of the medical team. Our members also visit day care centers, scout meetings, schools, and universities to bring youngsters in touch with good dogs and to show them what can be accomplished with love and training.

Service Dogs
Service dogs are versatile, reliable assistants for people with disabilities. No longer limited to guiding people with visual impairments, service dogs perform a wide variety of tasks suitable as intervention for an equally wide assortment of limitations.

Therapy Pets
Therapy Pets is an organization of volunteers and their pets that visit facilities in order to enrich the lives of children and adults. Through this experience, we all become aware of the rewards of Therapy Pets and encourage others to actively participate. Guidelines, training and education for the owners and their pets are provided to ensure proper etiquette during visits. Our volunteer teams share the love that comes from the human-animal bond.

Pets in Action
Four legged nurses with such exciting results as these, itís now wonder that some nursing homes have decided to make every day a "pet day".

Dog Play
"Visiting Pets", "Therapy Dogsí, "Therapy Pets" are just some of the names given to describe programs in which animals help people just by visiting with them. As participation in such programs grows so does the vocabulary describing different aspects of pet visiting. For example, the preferred use for the term "animal Assisted Therapy" is for formal treatment programs, usually involving one particular animal and handler assigned to one particular client. the handler and the health care provider consult on specific goals to be accomplished and plan how to accomplish those goals. The preferred use for more informal programs is "Animal Assisted Activities," but you will see a great variety of terms as groups struggle to find terms that are descriptive without being confusing.

Nursing Home Visits
Nursing Home Visits Therapy work is great fun. We go to a local nursing home to interact with the patients. They really seem to enjoy it. Some of them wonít come out of their rooms for anything else.

 Brazoria County SPCA
The SPCA of Brazoria County is in need of volunteers for their Pet Therapy program. We visit nursing homes with puppies and kittens. The residents get comfort and emotional enjoyment from holding and loving our SPCA babies. The volunteers get to hear great old pet stories and make new friends. The visits are very casual and no special training is required. The only skills needed are to be a good listener and have a genuine concern for the elderly. Sometimes we take Polaroid pictures of the residents. We also hand out "Official Love and Hugs Giver" certificates.

K9 Pet Therapy
A hospital, nursing home or other skilled-care facility can benefit from using pets to visit young, infirm, and/or aged patients. Pets provide emotional support for individuals as well as facilitate social interaction and cooperation among patients. In addition, pets can help motivate patients to help themselves and also instill the desire to help another. Pet therapy is a wonderful and natural way to heal and help.

The visiting Pet Program prepares individuals and their companion animals to engage in meaningful volunteer work that involves visiting with people in nursing homes, hospitals, rehabilitation centers and other types of institutions.

San Francisco SPCA
The San Francisco SPCAís Animal Assisted Therapy Program brings the healing presence of animals to people in health care facilities citywide. Society volunteers take SF SPCA program animals or their own pets on the visits; dogs, guinea pigs, rabbits, and cats. AAT visits do far more than provide a temporary lifting of spirits to clients. Where humans fail, animals are often successful in cutting through the barriers that isolate people with physical and emotional difficulties. "We gather around the AAT animal and volunteer like people warming their hands at a campfire," says one therapist.

Animal Assisted Therapy can include dogs, cats, birds, and other animals. The handler/animal team visits nursing homes, hospitals, schools, prisons, treatment centers and other facilities to share their time with people in need. There are a number of national registries that screen, register, and insure animals (typically dogs) for this purpose, as well as campaign to increase volunteers and awareness for these programs.

AAT (previously known as Pet Assisted Therapy) and AAA are relying on the human-animal bond to help people. Many studies have shown an increased recovery rate in hospitalized, chronically ill patients, and elderly people when AAT/AAA are used. Disabled and handicapped children as well as adults seem to respond especially well to animals.

Journal articles
A number of journal articles dealing with the interactions of animals and humans and the use of animals in a therapeutic manner.

B. Dogs

Journal articles
A number of journal articles dealing with the interactions of animals and humans and the use of animals in a therapeutic manner.

Guide Dogs
Welcome to Guide dogs for the Blind, Inc.! We provide Guide dogs and training in their use to visually impaired people throughout the United States and Canada. Our dogs and services are free to those we serve thanks to the generosity of donors and support of volunteers.

 Assistance Dogs
This page offers a brief introduction to the world of Assistance dogs. If after reading this page you think you might benefit from a partnership with an assistance dog or you want more information, please refer to the list of Guide, Signal, Service, and Therapy Dog organizations included on this site. Eligibility requirements vary from program to program. The purpose is assistance dogs that offer mobility assistance to the physically disabled.

Canine Companions
Table of Contents: I Types of Assistance dogs: A. Guide dogs, B. Signal Dogs, C. Social Dogs, D. Seizure Dogs, E. Therapy Dogs, F. Service Dogs

Hearing Dogs
Hearing Dogs assist deaf and hard of hearing individuals by alerting them to a variety of household sounds such as a door knock or doorbell, alarm clock, oven buzzer, telephone, baby cry, name call, or smoke alarm. Dogs are trained to make physical contact and lead their deaf partners to the source of the sound.

Table of Contents: Dogs for the Blind, Hearing and Signal Dogs, Assistance Dogs, Canine Companions for Independence, Assistance Dog International (ADI), Paws with a Cause (PAWS), National Education for Assistance dog Services, Inc., Therapy Dogs.

American with Disabilities Act (ADA)
The ADA guarantees youth and adults with disabilities the right to train their own dogs for service work with full public access rights. Service Animal means any guide dog, signal dog or other animal individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including impaired vision, alerting to intruders, minimal rescue or protection work, pulling wheelchair or fetching dropped items.

Susquehanna Service Dogs
Susquehanna Service Dogs enriches the quality of life for children and adults with physical disabilities. It breeds or acquires, raises, trains, and provides service dogs to assist people with disabilities to become more independent.

Personal story
Dogs prove best friends for many with disabilities, emotional challenges. Cathy Lawler discovered the power animals have to reach the disabled five years ago when she noticed how much a visit from her yellow Labrador Retriever, Chenny, cheered up her mother who was suffering from multiple sclerosis in a nursing home.

 PRO-Dog Active Therapy
The dog is a P.A.T. Dog, a PRO-Dog Active Therapy visiting dog, one of over 4,500 who regularly visit the sick, elderly, mentally disturbed, blind, deal, homes and hospital confined all over the United Kingdom.

Whenever they enter a nursing home or hospital, heads lift, faces smile, and hands reach out. The dogs are here! Long banned from health care facilities, dogs, cats, and other pets are being welcomed with open arms, and for good reason. Science has shown that visits from pets enhance and enrich lives everywhere, but for those deprived of pet contact, the opportunity to scratch a furry ear can have stirring consequences. As when unresponsive nursing home residents speak or laugh for the first time in months, or when people with Alzheimerís disease reminisce in detail about pets they used to have. Even brief contact with a caring animal has been shown to lower blood pressure, cheer the depressed and motivate the apathetic.

Delta Society
The Delta Society certification is for animal assisted therapy. Through the Pet Program, you will participate in rehabilitation, occupational, and speech therapy. The human member of the teams has to be certified to work with the Delta society through either an 8 hour seminar or a home study program. Dogs International

 The Seeing Eye, Morristown, NJ
The finely tuned partnership between the dog and the person walking beside it doesnít happen by chance. It is the result of lots of training and commitment on the part of that dog and owner. And it is the result of decades of experience from a place called The Seeing Eye in Morristown, NJ. Only dogs that come from here can be called Seeing Eye dogs.

C. Dolphins

AquaThought Foundation
The AquaThought Foundation is a privately funded research organization dedicated to the exploration of human-dolphin interactions. Since 1989, AquaThought has studied the neurological impact of close contact with dolphins on human subjects and the related therapeutic phenomena. Our research in neurological imaging has led to the development of MindSet, a low-cost neuro-mapping electroencephalograph program which makes advanced EEG research affordable. Our work has also led to the development of Cyberfin, a virtual reality simulator which will bring virtual dolphin contact to a massive audience.

Child-Dolphin Outreach
This paper presents the theoretical basis for the development of the Gulfariumís child-dolphin outreach program. Using techniques with behaviorism (allowing for structure, direction, and making behavior measurable and observable), client-centered therapy (allowing trust, understanding, and safety to make mistakes), and Gestalt (such as discovering new awareness leads the child to take personal control). The methods used in the development of this program correlates with the training of three Atlantic bottlenose Dolphins for the preparation of interacting with patients. Three case studies are described in detail in which Dolphin Assisted Therapy is used. The goal of the child-dolphin outreach program is to aid the child in the processing and development of personal growth.

 International Dolphin-Assisted Therapy and Research Association (IDATRA)
IDATRAís mission is to promote the acquisition and dissemination of research in the field of dolphin-assisted therapy.

The Dolphin Society
Currently the Dolphin Society is working with the healing potential of dolphins with free-ranging dolphins. This site provides many links for information on animal assisted therapy using dolphins.

D. Horses

Tucson, Arizona Equestrian (TAAPA)
TAAPA offers alternatives to traditional therapy which promotes health and well being through human-animal bonds. "Equestrian psychotherapy", as it is clinically known, is just one of the animal-assisted therapies offered through TAAPA. It has many applications is clinically proven.

Alaska Therapeutic Riding Association (ATRA)
Thereís a place in Juneau, Alaska where kids who have never walked find freedom, kids who have never talked find words, and more often than not each child finds a smile. The key to all of this? HORSES - ATRA uses horses, horseback riding, and other animals to provide therapy for kids with a variety of challenges.

Parks-Reserves and Zoos

Niagara Parks Butterfly Conservatory
The Niagara Parks botanical Gardens in now home to one of North Americaís collection of free flying butterflies. It opened its doors to the public on Saturday, December 14, 1996.

Riverglen Feline Conservatory Park
Riverglenís objective is to prevent abandonment and abuse of tigers. It provides homes to other species of big cats on a secondary basis. It provides comfortable shelters, proper diets, and other specialized services.

Ahungalla Animal Park
Located in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka, Ahungalla Animal Park contains about 75 varieties of animals, including birds and reptiles, lions, leopards, crocodiles, bears, monkeys, etc.

Alabama Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
Located in Oak Mountain State Park, the center is one of the oldest and largest rehabilitation centers in the state of Alabama. More than 3,000 injured and orphaned wild creatures are cared for each year including almost 2,000 birds representing more than 100 species.

Luray Reptile Center, Petting Zoo, and Dinosaur Park
Located 1/2 mile west of Luray Caverns on state route 211, Luray Zoo offers to its visitors the chance to touch over 70 different species of reptiles. In the outdoor section of the zoo, people roam with tame animals in the petting zoo.

Marapana Wildlife World
This is the first Australian drive through animal park. You can really get to know some of the friendliest faces of the Australian bush. The park has been specifically designed to let people get close to the animals and appreciate how important our environment really is.

 Limestone Zoological Park and Exotic Wildlife Refuge
The refuge is located in Alabama. It is a non-profit organization dedicated to the care and preservation of animals. The zoo actually includes exotic animals, indigenous animals, raptors and reptiles. A petting zoo is also located on the grounds.

Purbeck Marine Wildlife Reserve
Managed by the Dorset Wildlife Trust, the reserve is specialized in the interpretation of the marine environment. It is located in the Kimmeridge Bay, the center offers its visitors an excellent opportunity for some safe and fascinating snorkeling, as well as the chance to dive through the wonderful Underwater Nature Trail.

 Hato Pinero
Hato Pinero is a private cattle ranch and animal reserve in the heart of the Venezuelan Llanos, and a unique nature paradise for nature lovers, bird-watchers, and scientists. It represents the first successful undertaking in Venezuela which combines private conservation and biological research initiative with an ecotourism enterprise.

Virtually Visit Disneyís Animal Kingdom
The Walt Disney company has created this new theme park, with the objective of answering to some of the most important environmental and conservation issues. The parkís goal is that of attracting millions of visitors every year in order to instruct them about what is happening on and to the Earth.

National Parks and Wildlife Reserves in Nepal
Lists several reserves in Nepal, description, location, wildlife seen in each park, maps, and lists entrance fees. It is English translated.

Belize parks, Bacalar Chico Marine & Wildlife
One of Belizeís newest reserves encompasses an area of sixty square kilometers. Bacalar Chico Marine and Wildlife reserves is situated on the northern tip of Ambergris Caye and is only accessible by boat.

Earth Sanctuaries Ltd.
Earth Sanctuaries has always established and continues to establish natural habitats for little ones. They are the only reserve that is specially fenced to protect its small inhabitants. Earth Sanctuary habitats are a safe environment, protecting the small animals from their unnatural predators.

San Diego Wild Animal Park
Located 32 miles northeast of the zoo, the Wild Animal Park is 20 times larger and an entirely different experience. The park opened to the public in 1972 and allows visitors to view herds of exotic animals as they might occur in their native homelands of Asia and Africa.

 Garlyn Farm Zoological Park-MI
The park is situated in Michigan Upper Peninsula on US 2, only 40 minutes from the Mackinac Bridge. Take a leisure walk through the mature pine and birch forests of Michiganís Upper Peninsula and enjoy viewing animals in a natural park-like setting.

Lagoon Deer Park
The Lagoon Deer Park offers its visitors the opportunity to have a close encounter with animals from all over the world. Located in Sandusky, Ohio, everyone can feed the animals. Pet the animals of Europe, Japan, Asia, South and North America.

Metro Toronto Zoo
Over 5,000 animals are displayed in this incredible zoological park, complete with beautiful ponds, waterfalls, and floral displays. The park is situated in the region of Ontario, Canada and offers all the necessary information to know more about the zoo as well as its inhabitants.

Auckland Zoo
One of the most important of New Zealand, the zoo is a house for an incredibly large number of animals from all around the world. The site offers detailed information about the park, where it is, what it does, and who lives in it.

 Australia Aquaria and Zoos
Showing that Aquaria and Zoos are much more than just tourist attractions. the site represents the best way to gather information about the most beautiful and most important sanctuaries and marine parks of all Australia, with great emphasis on the National Aquarium and Australian Wildlife Sanctuary of Canberra.

American Zoos and Aquarium Association
This service has been designed to provide information about the many zoos and aquariums of the AZA, throughout North America. It also provides detailed information about the numerous conservation programs that the association is currently involved with.

Zoos Up the Kazoo
This page features links to zoos around the world

 Berkshire Bird Paradise
This non-profit organization is one of the largest sanctuaries of the New York State (20 acres) area. It is for permanently injured birds and contains 150 different species.

Lincoln Park Zoo
The site explains the zooís dedication to wildlife conservation by providing information regarding the ranges, conservation status and life histories of the many animals being cared for at the zoo.

Wildlife at the Zoo
This is one of Australiaís best Zoos, a park dedicated to the conservation of wildlife. Available are pictures and lists of many Australian, African, and Asian animals. Also, information regarding the zooís conservation goals, programs, and achievements are included on the site.

The Pittsburgh Zoo
This park is dedicated to the conservation of endangered and threatened wildlife. The zooís site contains information regarding many species of birds, reptiles, invertebrates, amphibians, mammals, fish, and plants. It discusses their structures, communication, and conservation status.

 Kenyaís National Parks and Reserves
This site gives information about wildlife and birds of Kenya. It also provides detailed descriptions of all the parks, reserves, and sanctuaries of Kenya.

 The Rolling Hills Refuge
This site explains the refugeís dedication to the conservation of rare and endangered species. It contains history of the refuge as well as information on interesting topics.

Tasmaniaís Parks and Wildlife Services
This site contains information about Tasmaniaís wildlife: the endangered, threatened, rare, or even extinct species.

National Wildbird Refuge
Dedicated to the care and protection of the swallow and other species of birds, this site provides history, primary objectives of the refuge, and other information.

 Mount Bruce National Wildlife Center
Another of the many parks of New Zealand. It is dedicated to conservation, protection, and care of endangered wildlife.

The Serengeti National Park
The largest park in Tanzania, it is one of the largest sanctuaries in the world committed to preservation of wildlife and survival of rare and endangered species.

Il Parco Nazionale D"Abruzzo
This is one of the Italianís most beautiful natural attractions. English translation of site.

Malaysiaís National Parks and Reserves
This page contains descriptions and names of numerous parks and reserves in Malaysia. Flora and fauna are included.

Victoria Falls National Park
Information on all species living within park as well as conservation of Africaís wildlife.

The Canadian Rockies
This page is dedicated to the wildlife of the Canadian Rockies. It includes pictures and discussions of endangered wildlife in North American and around the world.

 Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge
One of the very few USDA licensed facilities for large carnivores. It rescues neglected or unwanted large animals and provides a permanent home.

 Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge
Represented by a coastal marsh area that provides habitat for a variety of birds, mammals, and plants. Over 250 species of birds can be observed during the year. It contains a one mile long wheelchair accessible nature trail with interpretative leaflet.

Sea World & Bush Gardens
One of the most fascinating experiences and adventures anyone could have.

Species in Parks: Flora and Fauna Database
The Information Center of the Environment in conjunction with the National Park Service, has developed a preliminary database of the vascular plant and vertebrate animal species within lands owned by the U.S. National Park Service.

Snake Parks
This site is dedicated to the most famous and attractive snake parks in South Africa. It houses up to 150 species of snakes, reptiles, and amphibians.

The Parks at Chehaw
More than a zoo! Elevated boardwalks and paths through more than 100 acres of Georgiaís piney woods let you get up close to both native and exotic animals.

Jakara RainForest Reserves Fast Facts
This site contains detailed information about the situation of the rain forests in the world.

Wildlife Reserves
Anyone is welcome to take a deeper look at Seaton Cliffs, Montrose Basin, Loch of Lintrathen, and Balgavies Loch in Scotland.

Animal Sanctuaries And Zoos
Introduces reader to sanctuaries of Dehiwala and Pannawala (elephant orphanage) in Ceylon.

Phoenix Zoo
This zoo is a desert zoo with four designated trails including Arizona, Africa, Tropics, and Childrenís. It also is a home to 150 endangered species.

Reid Park Zoo
This site is an unofficial page provided by the Tucson Zoological Society about Reid Park Zoo. This particular zoo is involved in captive breeding programs for several endangered species.

The Bartlett Society
The Bartlett Society is an international society of individuals interested in the history of zoo aquariums, and the husbandry of wild animals. It is named in honor of Abraham Dee Bartlett, the 19th century Superintendent of the London Zoo. This site lists historical information as well as activities and events at various zoos.

ëUnofficialí Louisville Zoo Home Page
This unofficial home page has lots of information on endangered species and animals. It also has the Cuban Crocodile Breeding Program.

Detroit Zoo
The Detroit Zoological Institute consists of 3 facilities: the Detroit Zoo with 125 acres of naturalistic habitat in Royal Oak, and the Belle Isle Zoo and Belle Isle Aquarium.

Indianapolis Zoo
The Indianapolis Zoo has a new Bug exhibit that contains representatives of 30 different species of arthropods. This includes bird-eating spiders, emperor scorpions, giant millipedes, and venomous centipedes.

Jackson Zoological Park
At the Jackson Zoo children can discover what itís like to be different animals at the Discovery Zoo. There they can go inside giant tree trunks, shells, and burrows.

 Montgomery Zoo
Natural and man-made barriers using the latest features of modern design have eliminated the cages. This allows for spectacular views of wildlife for the visitors, and also insures the health and well being of the animals.

Martine Coletteís Wildlife Waystation
The Waystation is 160 acres of privately funded rescue and rehabilitation facility. It is home to more than 1200 wild and exotic animals.

Ochsner Park and Zoo
This zoo is home to primary Wisconsin Native species. These include timber wolves, black bears, bobcats, and whitetail deer.

 Twycross Zoo Association
Twycross Zoo opened to the public in 1963. Since then the zoo has doubled in size and currently maintains about 200 species of animals. It is famous for its primate collection and breeding programs.

Enoshima Aquarium
This site has pages in Japanese and English. The Aquarium maintains research programs based on sustaining, breeding, and rearing captive aquatic animals.

Monterey Bay Aquarium
Monterey Bay is bursting with sea life. A special feature of this aquarium is its education programs. Students can discover the jellies of Montereyís outer bay or meet a shark eye-to-eye. There are programs available for schools and educators.

Stephen Birch Aquarium-Museum
They provide ocean science education through creative exhibits, programs, and activities designed to help people use critical thinking, and to make science relevant to their daily lives.

Tennessee Aquarium
This is the largest freshwater aquarium in the world. Visitors can journey through a spectacular 60-foot canyon and two living forests where they can see over 9000 animals that swim, fly, and crawl in natural habitats.

 Zoos and Animal Parks
This site is a large index of zoos and animal parks and related internet resources.

World Wide Zoosí Home Pages

Antwerp Zoo
Thereís a great deal to learn from animals. These live in a beautiful garden in the heart of Antwerp. There are more than 4,000 species from all over the world.

New England Aquarium
Our future looks bright. Weíve just recently opened a new west wing. It serves as the "front door" for a major expansion that will more than triple the size of the current facility at Central Wharf. In the expanding Aquarium, living exhibits will be complemented by technological innovations such as high definition television, virtual reality and computer interactions.

North Carolina Zoological Park
The polar habitat, sure to be one of the most popular places in the zoo, along with exhibits of sea lions, cougars, alligators, and other North American natives.

Northwest Trek Wildlife Park in Eatonville, WA
This park has tour stations, a discovery center for children, forest theatre, and nature trails.

 Oakland Zoo
The Oakland Zoo is home to over 300 animals from 50 different species living in lush naturalistic settings. The collection is organized in biomes, geographic regions from Africa, Asia, and Australia. It includes a World Safari.

Oklahoma City Zoo
The oldest zoo in the Southwest and one of the top in the nation. OKC Zoo has 110 acres with 2,800 of the worldís most exotic animals; gorillas, orangutans, and chimpanzees. Also included is an Aquatic Center.

Omahaís Henry Doorly Zoo
Over a million people visit each year. It is one of the finest, award winning world class zoos in the world. Check the Siberian Tigers.

 Orange County Zoo
Specializes in the animals and plants from the southwestern US. Focus is education, conservation, recreation, and civic pride. Over 33 species and an inventory of over 100 species.

Paignton Zoo in Devon, UK
One of Englandís biggest zoos with hundreds of animals in the natural setting of the worldís threatened habitats - Savannah, Forest, Wetland, and Desert. Jungle express, with childrenís play area - Feathered Feats Parrot show, park activity center and regular keeper shows.

Parken Zoo in Eskilstuna, Sweden
Welcome to the family experience in the summer. In Parken Zoo awaits a family of white tigers and other exclusive felines. The Phantomland and Lilla Annas sagopark are very popular with the young visitors.

 Philadelphia Zoo
Ground breaking ceremony previews new primate center. The zoo is 125 years old, Americaís first zoo. It has long been recognized for it's specialized care of captive wildlife. It is committed to the conservation of endangered species and their habitats.

Animals in Television

 Animal Actors
This is the website for the Institute of Greatly endangered and Rare Species. they will provide trained animals for possible films and television.

Cat Fancy
This is the website for Animal Networkís Feline Library which is a complete library of information for caring for your cat. They talk about what a cat needs to "make it big" in show biz.

Animal Training
This is the homepage of Karen Singletonís dog training school. She has trained many exotic animals for television and movies.

Wild Bill Melton
This is the homepage for Wild Bill Melton. He has trained a variety of exotic animals for television.

Neurobiological Psychology

Neuroscience for Kids
Created primarily for students and teachers who are interested in learning about the nervous system. It provides detailed descriptions of many areas of neurobiology.

Neuroscience on the Internet
This web site is a browseable index of neuroscience resources. It contains links to sites related to neurology, neurobiology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, and information on human neurological disease.

Seeing, Hearing, and Smelling the World
This webpage provides insight into the human sensory system, specifically seeing, hearing, and smelling. Provides for each sense a complete breakdown of functioning.

The Brain Type Institute
This site address the presence of 16 inborn brain types which regulate mental and motor skills.

At this web site viewers can literally page through a magazine devoted to neuroscience. In every issue there are about 9 articles addressing various interesting issues related to neuroscience. Issues on file go back to March 1997. A new issue is posted every three months. The visuals are excellent and from each article you can click on icons for even more information on the related topic. Articles in this latest edition include: What is mind? Clocks and rhythms, Biofeedback, Maltreatment in Childhood, Epilepsy in Childhood, Down Syndrome, Perception and Reality, History of Shock Treatment, Brainstorming: The Capacity of the Brain.

This site provides readers with hundreds and hundreds of citations addressing the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders. Just click on the year and up come the references. References are available from the years 1910-1990. A great place to look for related journal articles and refresh yourself on the latest literature.

 Atlas of Brain Perfusion Spectrums
This website, which is supported by Harvard Medical School, shows 21 different brain spectrums of individuals with certain disorders and medical diseases. Most of the cases are presented with relevant case history, and clinical information. It also includes some general tutorials on topics such as Normal brain anatomy.'HRad/BrainSPECT/BrSPECT.html

Neuropsychology Central
This website is a comprehensive directory devoted entirely to the subject of Human Neuropsychology. There are links on this page devoted to everything from assessment to online forums.

The Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia
The goal of the Institute is to mobilize and unify resources to discover meaningful ways to prevent decline in brain function with aging prior to its inception and to reverse loss of function once it has occurred." This site provides information on Dementia: What is Dementia, What causes Dementia, How is Dementia diagnosed, brain imaging data, etc. This site provides wonderful MRI pictures to demonstrate the differences in the brain of Dementia patients as compared to normals. This site would be of particular interest to caregivers of Dementia or Alzheimer's patients, students with an interest in neurobiology, psychology or gerontology.

This website discusses the scientific basis of the AD7C test, which measures the concentration of a brain protein called Neural Thread Protein (NTP) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). NTP is of particular interest to individuals suffering from Alzheimerís or to individuals who work with Alzheimer's patients because it has been found to play a role in the neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer's disease. NTP is found in larger amounts in Alzheimer's patients as compared to normals. NTP appears to be involved in neuronal repair and regeneration of the brain. Therefore, it would make sense that individuals suffering from Alzheimer's have larger amounts. This site provides up to date research on one of the possible causes of Alzheimer's disease.

Punkyís Pictures/Brainless

This is a researcher from Indiana University who was able to successfully transplant the brain of a developing tadpole into the braincase of a salamander.

The Human Brain Project World Wide Web Server
The site is sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health and is working to integrate information derived from research from the level of the gene to the level of behavior.

American Academy of Neurology
A professional organization representing neurologists worldwide.

McConnell Brain Imaging Center at the Montreal Neurological Institute
This web site gives a very good description (both written and pictorial) of different types of brain imaging; one can also view different brains (some of which may be brains of Multiple Sclerosis patients or another disease). In addition, one can view video of brain imaging and pictures of actual brain surgeries.

Neuropsychological Evaluation
This web site explains basically everything you want to know about neuropsychological evaluation. It explains the purpose, what it includes (history, observation, testing, etc.), what kinds of tests are conducted, how long it takes, why referrals for neuropsychological evaluations are made, who is qualified to perform them, and cost. This is very informative to anyone who is interested in neuropsychological evaluations (aiding in performing, information on making referrals, etc.).

Basic Neural Processes
This sight includes a collection of tutorials on basic neural functions. The sight says that such tutorials should be appropriate for courses in biopsychology, introduction, and even sensation and perception. The topics include: quiz on structures of the neuron and brain, study and check your knowledge of the human brain, and review of physical factors involved in the action potential.

 Interactive Atlases - Digital Anatomist Program
This sight contains: a laboratory guide that is being used but is still undergoing development. It contains 2-D, MRI, tissue and gross brain images, 3-D computer graphic reconstructions of brain material and summary drawings. Chapters, beginning with development topography and continuing with sensory and motor systems arrange the syllabus. It includes the brainstem and cranial nerves, cerebellum, basal ganglia, thalamus, hypothalamus, and limbic structures.

 Spinal Cord Repair
Researchers are uncovering ways to repair spinal cord injuries. It is estimated that 250,000 Americans have spinal cord injuries. Results of such injuries may include paralysis, a loss of sensation or a loss in the ability to move. Current methods of treatments include reducing the nerve cell damage, increasing the efficiency of surviving nerve cells, and most remarkably, researchers are attempting to regenerate lost connections among neurons. Many approaches are taken to repair such damage, the ones discussed in this site included transplanting new nerve cells from the PNS to the CNS, delivering proteins that stimulate regeneration by the cells already in the spinal cord, and developing strategies to reduce CNS's regeneration opponents. The examination of such strategies are at the preliminary level of analysis and more investigation is needed to determine the relevant effectiveness of such treatments.

 Gene Involved in Brain Development Identified
A recent discovery involves a gene that makes a protein, astrotactin, which is required for young neurons to migrate along glial fibers to find their correct positions in the growing brain. This journey is important because it is the way that the neurons develop and organize into the brain's architecture. This discovery is important because knowledge about that gene would enable us to determine how it functions, and furthermore, it will enable us to treat the epilepsy condition that in turn is assumed to be related to problems with neuron migration.

 Pediatric Brain Tumors
OncoLink is a web page put out by the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center. The above link is to one of their pages dedicated to childhood brain tumors. It contains information for the laymen and the physician. The page has art work done by patients and links to RealAudio virtual classroom lectures on radiation therapy. There are also a number of informative manuscripts describing what exactly brain tumors are and how they impact the patient. brain/

 Dr. Bob's Psychopharmacological Tips
Dr.Bob's psycho-pharmacological tip contains a vast majority of information. This page contains information about the different types of psychoactive drugs that are commonly used to treat various psychological disorders, such as PTSD or OCD. In some cases, Dr. Bob provides information about how the drugs, such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors or benzodiazes, manifest themselves in behavior. There are also "tips" about different drugs for different folks from other doctors which contribute to psycho-pharm discussion group- It is helpful if you want some basic information about what is being used to treat the different disorders.

Online Neuropsychology Project
This website allows surfers an opportunity to participate in neuropsychology research. The current project is being analyzed but another project is in the works and hopes to obtain subjects online. This site also provides a link to historical information regarding the brain and earlier theories of the brain. Subjects presented include: The 17th Century: Reaction to the Dualism of Mind and Body, Mind, Brain, and Adaptation the Localization of Cerebral Function, and Trance and Trauma: Functional Nervous Disorders and the Subconscious Mind.

Brain Disorders Network
This website was designed to help people and caregivers understand clinical advances in brain research. It is an attempt to link health care organizations, employers, pharmaceutical companies, and clinical personnel. It offers links to cutting edge developments, publications, brain research, and conferences. This site also has a link to brain disorders and medication. This link provides information on such disorders as brain tumors, cerebral palsy, schizophrenia, depression, and Tourette's syndrome in addition to other disorders. A detailed description of each disorder is provided in addition to medications prescribed.

Information about the PMRC and Psych-Mobile can be obtained from:
Dr. Charles I. Abramson
at (405) 744-6027
via E-Mail:


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The contents of these pages copyright 1998 by Charles Abramson and Craig Satterfield.
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