Lillian Moller Gilbreth
Born: May 24, 1878 in Oakland, CA
Died: January 2, 1972 in Phoenix, AZ
Doctor of Philosophy (1915), Brown University, Psychology
M.A. (1902), University of California at Berkeley, English Literature
B.A. (1900), University of California at Berkeley, English Literature

First woman to graduate from the University of California at Berkeley with honors

1904 Married Frank Gilbreth

1924 Frank Gilbreth's death left Lillian sole provider for their 12 children

Asked by President Hoover to join the Emergency Committee for Unemployment during the Great Depression

Created the nationwide "Share the Work" program in order to create new jobs

1935 Professor of Management at Purdue University

Military consultant to the government during World War II

Lillian Gilbreth is best known for her contributions to industrial organizational psychology and ergonomics. Some of her household inventions include the foot-pedal trashcan and refrigerator door-shelves.
Twenty honorary degrees
1921 First female member of the Society of Industrial Engineers
Chair of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Management division
Society of Industrial Engineers First Gilbreth Medal for Distinguished Contributions to Management
1944 Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Management Association Gantt Gold Medal
1952 Declared by J.W. McKenney "The World's Greatest Woman Engineer"
1966 First woman to receive the Hoover Medal for Distinguished Public Service by an Engineer
Only psychologist to ever appear on a United States postage stamp

Key Words: I/O psychology, ergonomics, industrial engineering, Psychology of Management, "Share the Work," productivity efficiency, Frank Gilbreth
Gilbreth Web Links

Eleanor Jack Gibson
Born: December 7, 1910 in Peoria, IL
Died: 2002 in South Carolina
Doctor of Philosophy (1938), Yale University, Psychology
M.A. (1933), Smith College, Psychology
B.A. (1931), Smith College, Psychology

1940 Assistant Professor at Smith College

1949 Research Associate at Cornell University

1965 Professor of Psychology at Cornell University

Professor Emeritus at Cornell University

Eleanor Gibson is best known for her contributions to perception and perceptual development.
1968 American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award for perceptual development
1969 Century Psychology Prize for
"Principles of Perceptual Learning and Development"
1971 Second female psychologist elected to the National Academy of Sciences
1972 Susan Linn Sage Professor of Psychology from Cornell University
1992 National Medal of Science
President of the Eastern Psychological Association
Numerous honorary degrees from academic institutions such as the University of New York at Albany, Smith College, the University of South Carolina, and Rutgers University

Key Words: "visual cliff," perceptual development, developmental psychology
Gibson Web Links

Florence Laura Goodenough
Born: August 6, 1886 in Honesdale, PA
Died: April 4, 1959 in FL
Doctor of Psychology (1924), Stanford University
M.A. (1921), Columbia University
B.S. (1920), Columbia University
B.Pd. (1908), Pennsylvania Normal School, Pedagogy

Studied under Leta Stetter Hollingworth at Columbia University

1920 Director of research at the Rutherford and Perth Amboy New Jersey public schools (school psychologist)

1921 Worked with Lewis Terman at Stanford University while Terman developed the Stanford-Binet intelligence test

1924 Worked at the Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic

1925 Listed as a contributor to Terman's book Genetic Studies of Genius

1925 Assistant Professor at the University of Minnesota

1931 Professor at the University of Minnesota

1947 Professor Emeritus at the University of Minnesota

Instructed Ruth Howard, the first African-American female to receive a Ph.D. in psychology

Florence Goodenough is best known for her contributions to psychological testing and measurement. She was among the first to criticize the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) and to document the effects of environment on intelligence.
President of the National Counsel of Women Psychologists
1946 President of the Society for Research in Child Development
Listed in the Watson Directory of Outstanding Contributors to Psychology

Key Words: intelligence testing, Draw-a-Man test, Draw-a-Woman test, Minnesota Preschool Scale, time sampling, event sampling, nature vs. nurture
Goodenough Web Links

Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow
Born: November 25, 1924 in Queensland, Australia
Doctor of Philosophy (1951), Radcliffe College, Psychology
B.A. (1944), University of Sydney

1951 Honorary appointment at the University of Hong Kong

1956 Research scientist at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Hong Kong

1962 Research Associate and lecturer at George Washington University

1966 Professor at George Washington University

1972 Senior lecturer and Associate Professor at the School of Education at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia

1976 Professor of psychology at the School of Behavioral Sciences in Macquarie University

Professor Emeritus at Macquarie University

Jacqueline Goodnow is best known for her contributions to cognitive development and the effects of learning, social, and cultural factors on cognitive psychology.
1989 American Psychological Association G. Stanley Hall Award for Distinguished Contributions to Developmental Psychology
1997 Society for Research in Child Development Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Child Development
Honorary Doctor of Science from Macquarie University

Key Words: cognitive development, concept formation, social psychology
Goodnow Web Links