Christine Ladd-Franklin
Born: December 1, 1847 in Windsor, CT
Died: March 5, 1930 in New York, NY
Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University, Mathematics (degree not granted until 1926)
A.B. (1869), Vassar College

1878 First woman to attend Johns Hopkins University (non-matriculate)

1882 First American woman to complete all the requirements for the Ph.D. in mathematics

1882 Left Johns Hopkins University without an official degree

1891 Vision research under Professor G.E. Müller in Gottingen, Germany

Vision research under Hermann von Helmholtz

1892 Introduced her color vision theory to the International Congress of Psychology

1901 Associate editor for logic and philosophy in Baldwin's Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology

1904 Logic and philosophy instructor at Johns Hopkins University

1913 Instructor at Clark and Harvard Universities

1914 Instructor at the University of Chicago

1914 Instructor at Columbia University

Christine Franklin is best known for her contributions to color theory and symbolic logic. She compiled four decades of work in the field of color vision in her book Colour and Colour Theories .
1865 Graduated from Wesleyan Academy as valedictorian
1887 Honorary Doctor of Laws from Vassar College
Ranked as one of 50 most important psychologists in American "Men of Science"

Key Words: color vision, theory of color vision, symbolic logic
Ladd-Franklin Web Links

Anna Freud
Born: December 3, 1895 in Vienna, Austria
Died: October 9, 1982 in London, England
Cottage Lyceum, Vienna (1912)

1922 Presented her paper, Beating Fantasies and Daydreams, to the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society

1923 Psychoanalytical private practice with children

1925 Child analysis instructor at the Vienna Psychoanalytical Training Institute

1927 General secretary of the International Psychoanalytical Association

1935 Director of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Training Institute

March 14, 1938 Held prisoner in Gestapo headquarters

June 5, 1938 Anna and Sigmund Freud flee Austria for London, Sigmund Freud's younger sisters were not allowed to leave and died in concentration camps

Anna Freud is best known for her contributions to defense mechanisms and ego psychology. She is regarded as the successor to Sigmund Freud and the psychoanalytic movement.
1950 Honorary doctorate from Clark University
1967 Honorary Order of the British Empire from Queen Elizabeth II
1972 Honorary Medical Doctorate from the University of Vienna
1973 Honorary president of the International Psychoanalytical Association
1980 Honorary doctorate from Harvard

Key Words: psychoanalysis, ego psychology, self-psychology, defense mechanisms, child psychology, Sigmund Freud
Freud Web Links