Marie Jahoda
Born: January 26, 1907 in Vienna, Austria
Died: April 28, 2001 in Sussex, England
Doctor of Philosophy (1933), University of Vienna, Psychology
Teaching Diploma (1928), Pedagogical Academy of Vienna

Met Karl and Charlotte Buhler while at the University of Vienna

1933 Headed the Viennese Economics Research Center after divorcing Paul F. Lazarsfeld, the founder and head of the center

1936 Imprisoned by the Austrian socialists

1937 Forced to flee Austria for racial and political reasons

Spent the war years in England

1946 Immigrated to the United States

Professor of social psychology at New York University

Researcher at the American Jewish Committee

Researcher at Columbia University

Founded the Research Center of Human Relations

1965 Recruited by the University of Sussex in England

Marie Jahoda is best known for her contributions to the psychology of unemployment, discrimination, and authoritarianism. -------OSU-------
American Psychological Association Kurt Lewin Memorial award
1973 University of Sussex honorary degree
1973 University of Leicester honorary degree
1973 Commander of the Order of the British Empire
1979 American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contribution in the Public Interest

Key Words: psychology of unemployment, Marienthal study, social psychology
Jahoda Web Links

Mieko Kamiya
Born: January 12th,1914 in Okayama city, Okayama prefecture
Died: October 22nd, 1979
Doctor of Medicene (1960), Osaka University
Graduated Tokyo Jyoshi Igaku Senmongakko (1944; Tokyo Women’s Medical Vocational School)
Graduated Regular class of Tsuda English cram school (1935)
1923 Lived in Geneva, Schweiz

1938 Entered Department of Science (Premed), Columbia University, the U.S.

1941 Transferred to Tokyo Jyoshi Igaku Senmongakko (Tokyo Women’s medical Vocational School).

1944 Entered Psychiatry office of Tokyo Imperial University (~1949).

1952 Researcher of Clinical psychiatry in the Department of medicine, Osaka University (~1960)

1954 Associate professor at Kobe College

1957 Adjunct staff at National Sanatorium Nagashima aiseien (~1972).

1959 Associate professor at Kobe College.

1960 Professor at Department of Sociology, Kobe College (~1964).

1963 Professor at Tsuda College(~1976).

1965-1967 Medical director of Clinical psychiatry, Osaka University

She contributed to clinical psychology in Japan, and also helped patients who suffered from Hanses’s disease in National Sanatorium Nagashima aiseien. She also suggested breath of life and improved understanding of Hansen disease by publishing books on it.------OSU-------

Key Words: Clinical psychology, Psychiatric humanity. Hansen disease
Kamiya Web Links

Tsuyako Kubo
Born: January 2nd, 1893 in Tokyo
Died: May 3rd, 1969
B.A (1926), Department of Literature, Tohoku University, Psychology (her academic dissertation was “Shiko shinrigaku no tachibani tachite yoji no shiko sayo no kenkyu” (translated: The research of infant intellection response in psychology of thinking)).
- She was the first woman to graduate as a psychology major in Japan
Graduated Tokyo Women’s higher normal school
Worked in the kindergarten attached Tokyo Women’s higher normal school

Assisted with the founding of Child Education, the journal of Japanese kindergarten association

1926 Researched child psychology in graduate school, Tohoku University

1927 Assistant principal of Hokusei Girl’s school in Sapporo city, Hokkaido Prefecture

Instructor of Tokyo Women’s higher normal school and faculty of Miyagi academe in Sendai City

1941 Head of the instruction department in Oin academy

1947 Professor at Tokyo Kasei Gakuin Tanki Daigaku (Tokyo domestic science technical school)

1950 Professor at Tokyo Kasei Gakuin Tanki Daigaku (Tokyo domestic science lyceum junior college)

She contributed to the understanding of child education, child psychology, and educational psychology.

Key Words: Child psychology, Educational psychology
Kubo Web Links

Kyoko Kume
Born: June 1st, 1906 in Tokyo
Died: September 5th 1990
Doctor of Literature (1962), Tohoku University (Her academic dissertation was “The systematic research of size homeostasis”).
Graduated school of domestic science, Japan Women’s University (1928)
1928 Researched psychology at Chicago University (~1931)

1950 Instructor at Japan Women’s University after being a researcher in department of psychology, University of Tokyo

1953 Associate professor at Japan Women’s University

1959 Professor at Japan Women’s University (Department of Literature)

1970 Retired from Japan Women’s University

She contributed recognition psychology and development of cognition.

Key Words: Child psychology, Educational psychology
Kubo Web Links

Tomi Kora
Born: July 1st, 1896 in Takaoka city, Toyama prefecture
Died: January 17th, 1993
Ph.D (1922) Columbia University (Her dissertation was “An experimental study of hunger in its relation to activity”)
M.A. (1920) Columbia University
Graduated school of English literature, Japanese Women’s University (1917)
1917 Studied educational psychology at Columbia University after graduating from Japan Women’s University

1920 Studied experimental psychology at John Hopkins University

1920 Joined Women’s International Peace and Freedom Confederation at their third meeting

1923 Assistant in clinical psychiatry laboratory in Kyushu Imperial University's Department of Medicine

1927 Professor at Japan Women’s University

1933 Professor and head of domestic science research laboratoryat Teikoku jyoshi igaku yakugaku sennmon gakkou (Women’s medical and pharmacy imperial professional school)

1939 Executive director of Japan experimental psychology association.

1940 Women’s delegate at Taiseiyokusankai rinji cyuo kyoryoku kaigi (Taiseiyokusankai extra central cooperative meeting) and suggested women’s bureau be formed

1942 Resigned from Japanese Women’s University due disagreements over industry mobilization for to military arsenals

1947 Member of the House of Councilors

1949 Joined Ryokufu Society

1952 Attended Moskva international economic conference as the first Japanese visitor on Moskva after WW II and visited China on her return trip

1953 Negotiated departure of Japanese residing in China

1953 Formed Nihon fujin dantai rengo kaigi (Japanese Women’s community joint association) and served as Vice President

1953 Director of International Women’s psychology association

She was the first person to show physiological hunger with her academic dissertation in Columbia University and the education of ideal women in Japan. She also contributed Chinese-Japanese nongovernmental trade agreements.
1977 Order of the Sacred Treasure
1953 Vice President of Nihon fujin dantai rengo kaigi (Japanese Women’s community joint association)

Key Words: Women's education, physiological hunger
Kora Web Links

Sae Kobayashi
Born: July 21st, 1913 in Shizuoka prefecture
Died: July 20th, 2002
Education psychology (1937) Department of education, Tokyo Bunri University (Tokyo literature and science university)
Graduated School of literature, Nara Women’s higher normal school (1934)
1934 Instructor at Tokyo Women’s normal school (she became a professor of the school afterwards)

1940 Assistant at Tokyo Bunrika University (Tokyo Literature and Science University) and Student of Tokyo Imperial University, where her major was physiology

1944 Researcher at school of psychology, department of literature, Tokyo Imperial University

1945 Adjunct instructor at Tokyo Women’s medial technical college

1949 Associate Professor at Jissen Women’s University

1954 Professor at Jissen Women’s University.

She contributed to both educational psychology and social psychology in Japan
1984 Honorary professor at Jissen Women’s University.

President of Japanese Psychological Association.

Key Words: Social psychology, educational psychology
Kora Web Links

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Eleanor Emmons Maccoby
Born: May 15, 1917 in Tacoma, WA
Doctor of Philosophy (1951), University of Michigan, Psychology
M.A. (1949), University of Michigan, Psychology
B.S. (1939), University of Washington, Philosophy

1940 Department of agriculture program surveys division employee in Washington, DC

1951 Instructor and Research Associate at Harvard University

1958 Associate Professor at Stanford University

1973 Professor and Chairperson of the Department of Psychology at Stanford University

1987 Professor Emeritus at Stanford University

Eleanor Maccoby is best known for her contributions to the psychology of children, adolescents, and the family.-OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY-
1974 President of the Western Psychology Association
1981 Gores Award for Excellence in Teaching
1981 President of the Governing Council for the Society for Research in Child Development
1982 Gordon Stanley Hall Award
1984 American Educational Research Association Research Award
1987 Society for Research in Child Development Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Child Development Award
1988 American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award
1993 Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
1996 American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Science of Psychology
1997 President of the Consortium of Social Science Associations

Key Words: developmental psychology, sex differences, television-viewing, family
Mayo Web Links

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Sugi Mibai
Born: April 9th, 1891 in Tsushi village, Tsuna county, Hyogo prefecture
Died: May 25th, 1969
Ph.D (1930) University of Michigan

M.A. (1921) Graduate school, University of Michigan (Her academic dissertation was “Reading and retention”)

B.A. (1919) Milles University

1915 Graduated school of English literature, Kobe College

1910 Graduated Baika Women’s College


1915 Instructor at Kobe College

1921 Instructor at Lobe College

1923 Did research at the University of Michigan (for half a year)

1930 Apprentice of mental health at Western Reserve University

1931 Professor at Kobe college

1944 Employee for a short time at Sumitomo aluminum puddling company

1946 Adviser at Education Division, military government in Hyogo prefecture

1948 Commission at Education board in Hyogo prefecture. (~1952)

1949 Director of Baika academy

1956 Professor at Baika junior college

She contributed applied psychology and education of college women.OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY-

Key Words: applied psychology, women's education
Mibai Web Links

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Clara Weiss Mayo
Born: September 13, 1931 in Linz, Austria
Died: November 21, 1981 (location unknown)
Doctor of Philosophy (1959), Clark University, Psychology
M.A. (1955), Wellesley University, Psychology
B.A. (1953), Cornell University, Philosophy

1938 Forced to flee Austria for racial reasons

1939 Emigrated to the United States

1959 Social psychologist trainee at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Brockton, MA

1960 Social research psychologist at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Brockton, MA

1961 Instructor at Boston University

1964 Assistant Professor of Psychology at Boston University

1970 Director of the graduate program in social psychology and personality at Boston University

1974 Professor of psychology at Boston University

1978 Director of the graduate program of African American studies at Boston University

Clara Mayo is best known for her contributions to the social psychology of prejudice, racism, and sexism. ----OKLAHOMA STATE---
1976 President of the New England Psychological Association
President of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues

Key Words: applied social psychology, non-verbal behavior, racism, sexism, prejudice
Mayo Web Links

Maria Montessori
Born: August 31,1870 in Chiaravalle, Italy
Died: May 6, 1952, in Noordwijk, Holland
Medical Doctor (1894), University of Rome
Diploma di licenza (1892), University of Rome, Physics; Mathematics; Natural Sciences
Regio Instituto Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci, Modern Languages; Natural Sciences
Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo (1886), Engineering

1894 First Italian woman to graduate from medical school

1896 Represented Italy at a women's conference in Berlin

1896 Appointed Surgical Assistant at Santo Spirito

1897 Became involved with "feebleminded" children and visited insane asylums as an assistant faculty at the University of Rome

1900 Represented Italy at a women's conference in London

1900 Began to direct a school for challenged youth in Rome

1904 Professor of anthropology at the University of Rome

1907 Began to develop theories and methods of child education

1912 Published, Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook, which sold out after only five days

1913 Supported Alexander Graham and Mable Bell in their founding of the Montessori Educational Association in the United States

1929 Founded the Association Montessori International in Amsterdam, Holland

Montessori schools all over Germany and Italy were closed by 1936

Forced by political tension to flee Italy for Spain, then Holland

1938 Opened the Montessori Training Center in Laren, Holland

1939 Forced to flee Holland for India, where she was detained until 1946

1939 Established a center for the Montessori teaching method in India

1947 Founded the Montessori Center in London

Maria Montessori is best known for her contributions to developmental psychology and psychotherapy. She developed an influential approach to the observation and study of children at various sensitive periods of development.
1950 Honorary Doctorate from the University of Amsterdam
1950 Nobel Prize nomination

Key Words: the Montessori method, child education, child development, Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook
Montessori Web Links

Bernice Levin Neugarten
Born: February 11, 1916 in Norfolk, NE
Died: July 22, 2001 in Chicago, IL
Doctor of Philosophy (1943), University of Chicago, Psychology
A.M. (1937), University of Chicago
B.A. (1936), University of Chicago

1943 First Doctor of Psychology degree in human development

1953 Professor at the University of Chicago

1958 Director of the graduate program in Adult Development and Aging at the University of Chicago

1971 Member of the National Advisory Council of the National Institute on Aging

1982 Helped organize the White House Conference on Aging

Professor Emeritus in the Center on Aging, Health, and Society at the University of Chicago

Bernice Neugarten is best known for her contributions to gerontology and the psychology of aging. -OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY-
1969 President of the Gerontological Society of America
1971 Gerontological Society of America's Kleemeier Award for Outstanding Research Contributions in Aging
1975 American Psychological Foundation Distinguished Teaching Award
1979 Illinois Psychological Association Distinguished Psychologist Award
1980 Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award
1982 Brookdale Award
1987 Sandoz International Prize for Research in Gerontology
1988 Honorary doctorate from the Catholic University at Nijmegen, Holland
1988 Gerontological Society of America Behavioral and Social Science section Distinguished Mentorship Award
1994 American Psychological Association Gold Medal Award for Lifetime Contribution in the Public Interest

Key Words: gerontology, developmental psychology, "young-old," "old-old"
Neugarten Web Links